Oriental New Year – Navruz
Oriental New Year – Navruz
“Navruz” ("Holiday Navruz"), translated from Persian is a “new day”. Navruz which is celebrated on March, 21stis considered as the beginning of New Year. As it is known March,21stis a day of the spring equinox. Day and nightis same length - 12 hours. On March 21stthe Earth enters during the World astronomical equality. And still, this day seasons on hemispheres vary, if in a southern hemisphere there comes autumn, northern - spring. This holiday is celebrated in the beginning of spring when all plants and trees blossom and get a new spring kind. In the beginning of this holiday many Uzbek family prepare for national dishes such as: Sumalak, Halim, Somsa from greens, Pilov and others. These Uzbek dishes contain many vitamin substances which are useful for a human body.
With the obtaining of the country’s independence ancient customs and traditions of Uzbek people have revived, holiday Navruz also has been restored, and celebrating has got new scope and depth. It became a national holiday of friendship, unification, brotherhood of all people. In the bright dramatized representations of philosophic and poetic judgment of Navruz, it places in national history reveals. Now Navruz is celebrated annually in Alisher Navoi's square, in Tashkent.
The origin of the festival - the ancient Iranian associated with the cult of the Sun and the name of the legendary prophet Zarathustra. On this day, the ancient Persian kings wore a crown on their heads, showing a picture of solar annual cycle, participated in worship in the Temple of Fire and distributed gifts. Later, "the spring" New Year has become popular among the majority of peoples of Central Asia, not only Iranian-speaking, but also Turkish, influenced by Zoroastrian culture.
In contrast to the European New Year, Navruz is traditionally celebrated during the day, but always in the family circle. The most important day of the festival is the first on March 21. In the next thirteen days in Uzbekistan people go to visit relatives, buy and plant seedlings of young fruit trees, and you can see merry companies in the lap of nature.
Since ancient times, in Uzbekistan in Navruz festivities it is arranged large, festive bazaars,kupkari(horse racing), dog and cock fighting. Many traditions have survived until today.
The main among the customs of the celebration of Navruz in Uzbekistan is cooking of "sumalak" –a the New Year delightdish that is cooked on wood fire adding flour and grown wheat grains, as well as spices. A sprouted grain symbolizes life, heat, abundance and health.
After celebrating the first day of Navruz usually field works begin which are also accompanied by various rites.