Sufi monastery Langarota
Langar mountain village and the memorial Langarota complex is located at the foot of the Zarafshan range in Kamashinsky area in Karshi region, and is situated 70 km to the south of Shahrisabz. Weary traveler, reaching the Langar, will be rewarded in full. Here are unique picturesque views where you can indulge in meditation, to touch eternity and feel part of the universe. With the onset of spring increases the number of pilgrims who came to venerate the holy places of burial Sufi brotherhood Ishkiya and ancient mosque built the first Sufi - Langar Muhammad Sadiq. About five hundred years ago in this mountain valley for the first time a prayer pure-hearted boy from a sort of Sufi - Muhammad Sadiq. Since then, here came his disciples, learning the wisdom absorbed the teachings of the teacher and handed them to his disciples. Langar was the abode of Sufis, their home and last refuge.The mosque building was supposedly built in the years 1515-1516, and later in the XVII century completed several rooms, including a spacious prayer hall. Locals say that the mosque kept chest with famous second Quran of Caliph Osman. Indeed, it is known that it is Katta Langar was a place to store one of the oldest manuscripts of the Quran, known as the Quran of Langar. With the construction of the mosque connected one legend - the builders did not have enough wood for the construction of the last column, but under the hand of the great Sufi Muhammad Sadiq cotton bush turned into a tree, which was used by architects.On the opposite hill from the mosque raises "the abode of all the saints" - the shrine of Sufi Muhammad Sadiq. In and around Mazar grow many pistachio trees, which in the spring, at the time of flowering fill the air with a unique flavor. A narrow path leads to the mausoleum - tomb of sheikhs. White dome of the mausoleum is visible from afar. The mausoleum was built of brick, looks almost devoid of decoration.Inside the mausoleum there are five tombs. According to the inscriptions on the tombstones, we see that here found the last refuge of the founder Muhammad Sadiq, his father Sheykhzade Abul - Hassan II and his son Abdul Hussein Akhund and as yet unknown, but belonging to the genus sheikhs deceased.The very nature of Langara has to ponder. Hills, like an impregnable wall protect Langara rest from the urban bustle, gurgling mountain stream mellifluous and has to relax body and soul. There still reigns the spirit of the great Sufis. Maybe that's why Langar ota increasingly attracts tourists from all over the world. The wisdom and spirituality do not know the distances and nationalities.According to the program of tourism development in Kashkadarya region for the period 2013-2015 years, KattaLangar carried out extensive restoration work. Soon Langar ota will gain even more majestic views, and would be happy to meet those wishing to visit it.
The mosque Qok-goombas was built in Karshiat the end of XVI century when Abdullakhon II was a ruler.The building consists of 3 parts. They are the main room and other two rooms. Its plan had the form of straight angle, and the its length was 38,25 meters. The sizes of short sides are not the same size. One of them is 14 meters and the second is 14,6 meters. The space of the main room is eight meters square. It is connected with the arching ways to the left and right sides. Each side has 4 rooms. The domes close to the left and right sides. Each side has 4 rooms the domes close to the tops of the room. The ceilings of the building are covered with interior domes its height is 14 meters. Inside building was painted with the blue, green and white colors and bricks of the same color were used there.After the earthquake in 1898 the building took some break so nowadays you can't see the letters of the name.15 meters away from the mosque anyone could see another building. It is shiypon and nowadays it almost destroyed by nature and time.This mosque is the biggest and the greatest mosque which was built at the end of XVI th century. The dome of the building was damaged and now you can see a lot of bricks fallen from the walls. And so after that the mosque was rebuilt.It still remains as the most important monument for the people of Karshi. It is well preserved because restoration works took place several times and were completed in 1982.
Gumbaz Mausoleumin Karshi
Gumbaz complex was constructed in XIII century by order of the famous ruler Ulugbek (1394 - 1449), grandson of Tamerlan in Karshi. Tomb along with other buildings is a single and unique memorial architectural complex.The mausoleum of Shams al-Din Kula (1368) resembles in their appearance and exterior architectural monuments of the Shahi Zinda necropolis in Samarkand. The name of the mausoleum can be translated as "the blue dome". It was constructed on the base of an earlier building of past periods with a similar layout.Located on a single axis to the Kul mausoleum it became the cathedral mosque of the city. To the mosque here once adjoined summer galleries, which have survived from the base square piers supporting arches.The inscription of the principal walls demonstrates that the mosque was constructed on behalf of Shahrukh, father of Ulugbek. The interior of the mausoleum is decorated with floral ornaments.The basis of the composition lay tradition square, covered with a dome premises - "chortak" as in Zoroastrian temples. A special place in the planning held an architectural element - quince, having the form of an arched niche.In the center of a huge open courtyard located arch tower rooms with square and round pillars carrying arches and brick vaults. In the columned halls of the pillars and arches arranged various shapes and decorating the arches and domes, usually with a light hole in the center.The architecture of such complexes is characterized by medieval style of buildings that have a unique ton of the each composition.
Ancient stones or Old Bridge of Nicholas in Karshi
In Central Asia there are many surviving unique structures such as magnificent architectural ensembles of Bukhara and Samarkand, Tashkent mosque and minarets.Among them rightfully takes its place awesome bridge built in the 16th century of brick across the river Kashkadarya. The bridge is 122 meters. If we add the width of more than 8 meters and a height of about 5 and a half, we see the magnificent structure of the past. Hulk Bridge rests on twelve powerful foundations, which are connected by fourteen low and wide arches. Between the arches are powerful cylindrical buttresses. When Kashkadarya expanded its channel, the bridge was reconstructed. The renovation was completed in 1914. Construction has changed its look. It rose to lengthen on both sides of additional foundations. Moreover, at the entrances were built two sentries of brick pavilion. But later, in 1960, they dismantled because it should pass wide trucks. Ancient stone bridge cover paved and fenced side walkways metal grille. But in this, the change is a modern twist, as the bridge is still majestic and monumental.
Maidanak Astrophysical Observatory
In the heart of Uzbekistan, on top Maydanak mountain there is a unique observatory. It is located 55 kilometers south of the town of Kitab in Kashkadarya region. The name Maidanak can be translated from Uzbek as "Maidan-ok" - "white space" or "white mountain". Any scientist-astronomer will tell you that at least one time heard about this place. And if you know a word like astroclimate, then sure, you know that Maidanak one of the best on the planet!Maidanak region also has unique surroundings. Everyone who was there will confirm that more picturesque place is difficult to find. Nature there is simply amazing. Maidanak Astrophysical Observatory is the largest and best equipped in the CIS and is located on the Hissar range at an altitude of 2650 meters above sea level, 120 kilometers south of Samarkand. Here is clear weather in the average cost of 200-250 days a year, and the atmosphere above the observatory different rare tranquility. Therefore, this area is not inferior to astroclimate such well-known scientists areas of the planet, as the Canary and Hawaiian Islands and the Chilean Atacama Desert. Maidanak Observatory is the most advanced in the Eastern hemisphere of the planet. This feature is ideal and local astroclimate contributed to the success in the scientific search. Every clear night in Maidanak at least a dozen telescopes receive signals from hundreds of celestial objects. Many studies are being conducted in collaboration with the leading observatories of the world.Features of Observatory allow you to make a sensational discovery. One of the latest is confirmation of the theory of planet formation around young stars, made jointly by Uzbek, American and German astronomers. In Maidanak was managed to fix the hyperfine effects in the behavior of quasars - the most distant objects in the universe, whose light reaches the planet billions of years. There has already been prepared for publication catalog of quasars, which are expected to become a sensation in the scientific world. Significant contribution to the science Uzbek astronomers made to study the nearest star - the Sun, the processes which affect this planet and all life on it.Foreign astronomers were discovered at different times five small planets, named in honor of our country and the great ancestors of the Uzbek people, who have made a huge contribution to the development of world science, "Uzbekistan", "Avicenna", "Ulugbek", "Biruni" and "Khwarizmi." Another was opened in 2009 in Maidanak Observatory. From here can be seen landscape of the Moon the size of 1 kilometer, and if you move the telescope to the space station, then the details of the size of 1 meter, ie even see astronaut emerging from the station on its surface work in open space.By the way, the governments of Japan, the United States and some other countries have established the Space Security Service (Space Guard). For continuous monitoring of "behavior" of the asteroid is very important even coating the entire surface of the Earth's astronomical observatories engaged in such services. Therefore, researchers from the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan addressed the Uzbek colleagues proposed the establishment of such a center based in Maidanak Observatory. Now Maidanak telescopes vigilantly monitor the air to ensure the safety of earthlings, detecting potentially hazardous asteroids to the most distant approaches to this planet.