Shakhrisabz is a small town south of Samarkand, across the hills in the Kashkadarya province, and is a lovely drive from Samarkand with some spectacular views. The town is a pleasant Uzbek back water and seems to be nothing special – until you start bumping into the ruins dotted around its back streets, and the megalomaniac ghosts of a wholly different place materialize. This is Timur’s home town, and once upon a time it probably put Samarkand itself in the shade. It’s an interesting day trip from Samarkand, and a good base for hiking in the mountains.
History of the town starts with the parking of ancient farmers in III century BC. But, according to the Chinese annal soft he II century BC it is mentioned, that the ancient city of Sousse was located at this place. Its governor was the first to establish trade relations with China and built the city of Keshe. In the second half of the II century BC, the city got the name of Kesh and became the capital of Sogdiana - a province of the Achaemenids Empire.
At different times the city was trans forehand rebuilt for many times. Therefore, the current Shakhrisabz is situated 20 kilometers from the ancient for to Keshe.
In its rich history the city became a mute witness of the Persian kings Darius’s and Cyrus’s campaigns and the cohorts of Alexander of Macedon. It organized resistance to Arab invaders, metand saw off the endless caravans on the Great Silk Road.
The city has reached its greatest prosperity in the middle of the XIV century.
In 1336 year on the out skirts of Shakhrisabz, exactly in the village of Khoja-Ilgar, the great military leader and ruler - Amir Temur was born. Creating a huge and powerful state of Movaraun-Nahr with its capital in Samarkand city, Temur always cared about his motherland, essentially making Shakhrisabz the second capital of the empire. Thus, Bobur - a descendant of Timur, the founder of the Mogull Empire wrote: "... as Kesh was the birth place of Temurbek, he put a lot of effort sand caret transform the city into" the foot of the throne. " By the will of the emperor, the best builders, architects, masters of architectural decor were sent here, who embodied the experience and traditions of different countries in their magnificent works. On the fertiles oil of Shakhrisabz their creativity, multiplied by the skill of local craftsmen, gave excellent results, laying the foundation of the monumental style, which defined the architectural features of Central Asiain XIV-XV centuries. Everything in Shakhrisabz, one way or another, is connected with the name of Amir Temur. His father Amir Taragay, as well as his spiritual teacher Shamsiddin Kulol, were buried at this place. There are also here the graves of his sons Jahangir and Omar Sheikh. Of course, even the great leader would now rest here in the land of his an cestors, but fate decided otherwise... Up to the present time, there are not many monuments of great historical past which are still preserved in the city, but they are all unique. Grateful descendants carefully preserve the memory of that great era, it's not in vain Shakhrisabz city was list edas a UNESCO World Heritage Site.