Sightseeing in Fergana valley
Jami Mosques Museum in Kokand
Kokand’s most impressive mosque, built by Umar Khan in 1812, is centered on a 22m minaret and includes a colorful 100m-long avian (portico) supported by 98 red-wood columns brought from India. The entire complex has reverted to its former Soviet guise as a museum, with one room housing a collection of suzani and ceramics from the region. The large wall separating the courtyard from the street was being torn down when we visited, heralding a possible new look for the complex.
The Khan’s Palace in Kokand
The Khan’s Palace, with seven courtyards and 114 rooms, was built in 1873, though its dazzling tiled exterior makes it look so perfect that you'd be forgiven for thinking it was as new as the modern park that surrounds it. Just three years after its completion, the star’s troop arrived, blew up its for deifications and abolished the khan’s job.
The Khan in question was Khudayar Khan, a cruel ruler who had previously been chummy with the Russians. Just two years after completing the palace, Khudayar was forced into exile by his own subjects, winding up under Russian protection in Orenburg. Ashisheir squirreled for the throne, the Russians moved in and snuffed out the khanate, in the process breaking a promise to eventually return Khudayar to the throne. The homesick khan later fled Orenburg and embarked on an epic odyssey through Central and South Asia before dying of disease near Herat.Six courtyards remain and their 27 rooms collectively house the Kokand Regional Studies Museum, with displays of varying degrees of interest, and rudimentary signage in English.
Sahib Mian Hazrat Medressa
Walk five minutes down Muqimi street from Khamza street to the truncated remnants of the large 19th-century Sahib Mian Hazrat Medressa, where the great Uzbek poet Mohammed Amin Muqimi (1850–1903) lived and studied for the last 33 years of his life. There is a small museum in Muqimi’s old room, which contains a few of his personal belongings, plus Arabic calligraphy by Muqimi himself.
Yodgorlik Silk Factory in Margilon
Margilon's main attraction is this fascinating factory, which can be explored on a tour where you’ll witness traditional methods of silk production from steaming and unravelling the cocoons to the weaving of the dazzling khanatlas (hand-wovensilk, patterned on one side) fabrics for which Margilon is famous. After the tour (available in English, French, Russian, German and other, by request), you can buy silk by the metre and off set your purchases against your entry fee. There is also premade clothing, carpets and embroider red items for sale.
Jome Mosque and Medressa in Andijon
Across from Eski Bazaar (onOltinkul) is the handsome 19th-century Jome Mosque and Medressa, said to be the only building to survive the 1902 earthquake. It reopened as a working medressa in the 1990s but was turned into a museum of local ethnography. The museum’s highlight is its collection off old instruments.
Dakhma-i-Shokhon in Kokand
Entering the graveyard’s north gate from the street, proceed straight to the 1830s Dakhma-i-Shokhon (the tomb of Umar Khanan dot her family members) which has an elegant wood enportal carved with the poetry of Umar’s wife, Nodira.
Modari Khan Mausoleum in Kokand
To the west of the Dakhma-i-Shokhon tomb, the unrestored Modari Khan Mausoleum, built in 1825 for Umar’s mother, lies under a bright, sky-blue dome.